[37] The oldest of these divisions are former villages which are distinguished by their colonial era churches and who still celebrate their feast of their patron saint much as they did when they were independent, with fireworks, masses, processions, folk and indigenous dance and more. It is a small stone-block building with a door made of black stone. This main chapel and plaza are called the Purísima Concepción Chapel and the Plaza de la Conchita. [71], The Sala Migual Covarrubias y Carlos Chávez is used primarily for dance recitals but has also hosted operatic events, musical theater, and stage plays. In spite of the house's historic and aesthetic value, it receives little attention. This structure is an adobe and stone mansion with a flat red façade with Moorish style decorative features. On the plaza in front of the church, wind bands play while participants share tamales and atole. Miguel Hidalgo | This hacienda was donated by its last owner, Aguayo Piña to the Misioneros del Espíritu Santo religious order in the very early 19th century. The village, later municipality, of Coyoacán remained completely independent of Mexico City through the colonial period into the 19th century. However, much of the same layout remains. [5], During the 2000s, the city and borough have done major rehabilitation and reconstruction work in the borough, especially in the historic center, renovating plazas, colonial buildings and streets. [19] Behind it is a sculpture carved from a tree trunk called “La Familia de Antonio Alvarez Portual y Josué. Today it belongs to Fernandez's daughter, Adela. Iztapalapa | The bookstores have attracted other cultural businesses such as theaters cafes and restaurants. [19] Famous rulers were Maxtla and his son Tecollotzin. Originally located in Colonia Roma, it was moved to its current location near Santa Catarina after the 1985 earthquake. It has high outer walls and watchtowers once occupied by armed guards. This chapel belonged to the Carmelites and is located alongside an old stone bridge over the Río Magdalena. During the Mexican Revolution, Victoriano Huerta was sometimes found in cantinas here, proclaiming that the “only foreigners welcome (in Mexico) were Hennessy and Martell.”[24], The historic center and other villages were linked to each other and Mexico City proper by rail lines and trolleys. Coyoacán (US: / ˌ k ɔɪ oʊ ə ˈ k ɑː n / KOY-oh-ə-KAHN, Spanish: [koʝoaˈkan] ) is a municipality of Mexico City and the former village which is now the borough’s “historic center.” The name comes from Nahuatl and most likely means “place of coyotes ,” when the Aztecs named a pre-Hispanic village on the southern shore of Lake Texcoco which was dominated by the Tepanec people. It is also known as “La Econdida” (The Hidden One), where Mexican actress Dolores del Río lived. A hall was added in the early 1900s. [20], According to legend, the San Antonio Panzacola Chapel was built by the mother of a group of smugglers to fulfill a promise or to offer gratitude. [16], Plaza Hidalgo, also called Jardín (garden) Hidalgo is the main plaza or square of the borough. The Casa Colorada or Casa de la Malinche is located on a corner of the Plaza La Conchita, but it is not open to the public. About 55% of the population is of working age with less than 2% unemployed. It changed hands several times by the 20th century, but all this time, the structure kept its original appearance including very old atrium cross in the first courtyard. An der Westgrenze von Coyoacán befindet sich die kleine Kirche San Antonio de Panzacola an der Ecke der Avenidas Universidad und Francisco Sosa. Tourism is an important part of the borough commerce and services sector. It is named after a Mexican artist whose work reflected the country's political and artistic history. [8][18] The museum was created in 1982, to show the values and ways of live of the various modern cultural groups in Mexico. Coyoacán (Ort der Kojoten in Nahuatl) ist ein südlicher Stadtbezirk (delegación) von Mexiko-Stadt, der bis zur Bildung der Stadtbezirke (delegaciones) 1929 eine eigenständige Gemeinde war. The first is that redevelopment will take over areas which still maintain some of their rural or village feel, which has happened in other formerly independent communities. This theater was opened to the public in 1953 along with a restaurant called El Reflectorio alongside. Halls are named for mathematics, chemistry, energy, biological diversity, agriculture and food, ecology, human biology and health, Science in the big city, animal behavior and society and more. The door and window jambs are typical of civil constructions of the 18th century with wrought iron work. The Mexicans, aided by the "Saint Patrick's Battalion", a military unit composed of catholic immigrants (mainly Irish), had fortified the monastery and fought until they ran out of ammunition and then beaten only after hand-to-hand combat. [38], The area was officially designated the Mexico City borough of Coyoacán in 1928. [7] From the 1920s to the 1940s, the area was a mix of rural farms and upper-class families who were building mansions and country homes. The house is on a property, which was called Izotitlán, meaning “izotes” a type of wild palm to make hats. The reason for this is that La Malinche is often blamed for the downfall of the Aztec Empire, acting as a traitor to her own people. After the Aztec capital was destroyed, Cortés remained in Coyoacán and made it the first capital of New Spain from 1521 to 1523. The house was constructed over twenty years by architect Manuel Parra for Mexican filmmaker Emilio “Indio” Fernández, who died in the house in 1986. Leon Trotsky lived close by Rivera and Kahlo and was murdered by one of Stalin's agents. [71], The Universum Museo de Ciencias is an interactive museum with 315 exhibits related to the natural and physical sciences. It has a bookstore and art materials shop open to the public. [22] The erroneous name of Casa de Cortés (House of Cortés, referring to Hernán Cortés), comes from Coyoacán's association with the conquistador. [31], Most of the borough located at 2240 meters above sea level with little variation. According to legend, sometime in the 18th century, residents of Santiago Zapotitlan, today in Tlahuac borough, were carrying the image to Mexico City for restoration. What Cortés eventually built here where administrative buildings for the offices used to manage the vast lands he was granted as the Marquis del Valle de Oaxaca, which included the Coyoacán area. Rivera's works on display are murals on the walls and ceilings, studies of major murals done in other locations such as El Hombre en el Cruce de los Caminos, which reflects the original El Hombre, Controlador del Universo, which is in the Palacio de Bellas Artes. An der Plaza Hidalgo, dem Hauptplatz des Bezirks, befinden sich die Überreste des 1528 von Dominikanern gegründeten Klosters San Juan Bautista. The work was sponsored by government and private funds. Scenes of the work cover the walls and the ceiling. Información institucional, atención a los ciudadanos, servicios, cartografía y publicaciones. [11] Vendors sell street food such as ice cream, homemade fruit drinks, esquites (flavored corn kernels) and corn-on-the-cob served with mayonnaise, lime, chili pepper and grated cheese, amaranth bars, and various candies. It was built in the 19th century. Cuauhtémoc | From June until September, the image is sent out to visit various communities in the borough. Ten years later, the area became part of the Federal District of Mexico City when it was expanded by the 1857 Constitution. [24], The "Alfredo Guati Rojo" National Watercolor Museum is dedicated to watercolor paintings. Today, this road extends from Plaza Hidalgo to the Panzacola Bridge in Santa Catarina. The building contains a stage theater, a multipurpose room, an open-air theater and a library. [7] These plazas cover an area of 24,000 m2,[15] which were renovated, along with the areas around them in 2008. Another street with a number of country mansions and homes is Calle de Fernandez Leal, mostly built at the beginning of the 20th century. This allowed the area to maintain many of its plazas and narrow cobblestone streets to this day. [16] One of the main goals of the renovation work in 2008 was to remove these vendors and move them to a new crafts bazaar built nearby. November 2020 um 19:36 Uhr bearbeitet. The monastery's church still retains its original function, but the most of the rest of the complex is now the Museo Nacional de las Intervenciones. [23], The current structure was built in the mid 18th century, by Cortés’ descendants, who still carried the title of the Marquis of the Valle de Oaxaca to replace the old structure, which had deteriorated. Many of the old villages, now called colonias, pueblos and barrios (roughly “neighborhood”) are linked by the old Calle Real, which was renamed Santa Catarina, then Benito Juarez and now Francisco Sosa. Minor elevations are located in Ciudad Universitaria, San Francisco Culuacán and Santa Úrusula Coapa. Two rivers pass through the territory called the Río Magdalena and Río Mixcoac. Presenta diversos indicadores sociodemográficos y económicos por área geográfica (nacional, entidad federativa y municipio) además de los tabulados, publicaciones y servicios disponibles. The north side has a piece entitled “El Pueblo a la Universidad y la Universidad al pueblo” (People to the University and University to the People). [20] Many of the old villages were linked by a trolley on Santa Catarina Road, now Francisco Sosa. Coordinates: 19°21′00″N 99°09′42″W / 19.35000°N 99.16167°W / 19.35000; -99.16167, Pueblo de los Reyes, La Candelaria and other traditional “barrios”, Absorption into the Distrito Federal and twentieth- and twenty-first century developments, Miguel León-Portilla, "Códice de Coyoacan: Nómina de tributos, siglo XVI. Rebecca Horn found over 100 such bills of sale naming Nahua men and women selling to Spaniards. Some of these businesses have been around for almost a century. However, industry accounts for 47.3% of the borough GDP, followed by services at 32.6% and commerce at 16.7%. [24] The Frida Kahlo Museum, popularly called “La Casa Azul” (The Blue House) is one of the most popular sites in Coyoacán. In quality of life, which takes into account factors such as crime statistics, Coyoacán ranked second behind Benito Juarez in Mexico City. [57] Its people were Tecpanecas, who were farmers and stoneworkers specializing in the volcanic stone from the old lava flow of Xitle. There were also about 25 pulque bars or pulquerías. In the church a special altar is installed and mass is said all day. [15] In March 2008, the two plazas were closed off by authorities for renovation work, forcing the removal of more than 500 street stalls for renovation of the two plazas and the streets around them costing 88.3 million pesos. Currently, most of the borough, especially in historic center, is residential with older adults. [71], The Estadio Olímpico México 68 is the main sports facility built for the Olympic Games of 1968 held in Mexico City. [8][18] Over time, as the complex deteriorated and was reconstructed and restored various time, most was replaced so that now the only original parts from the 16th century are the choir area, the Rosario Chapel and the main altar. [13] Another serious problem for the area is the traffic jams and serious lack of parking in the historic center. [24], The San José del Altillo Church is located on the corner of Avenida Universidad and Miguel Angel de Quevedo. [27] According to INAH, the plaza was a pre-Hispanic ceremonial center, upon which Cortés had this chapel built. [11] After the Zocalo, the most-visited place in Mexico City is this historic center, especially the twin plazas in its center. The murals relate to the history of Mexico. [74] The Casa de Cultura Ricardo Flores Magón was opened in 1986 with the name of Casa del Pueblo. [33] In 2004, Coyoacán was ranked the fifth most livable neighborhood in North America, ahead of Rittenhouse, Philadelphia and behind Camden, Maine. Am 20. Residents attribute the growth to Mexico City's promotion of the area tourism in general as well as the opening of commercial centers in the borough. Prior to this, there had been no restoration work to the building for about a century. It is still used as a residence. The returned home joyous to have been chosen by the image. Other forms of entertainment included picking fruit from trees or horse racing on Xicotencatl Street. [11] It is thought that Los Camilos once provided potable water to Tenochitlan. In the 1940s, it was enlarged, but its colonial style was respected. The north side reflects the pre-Hispanic period; the south reflects the colonial period and the east is from the modern period. Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 3. The San Lucas and San Mateo barrios are sliced through by small arroyos and used to be surrounded by cornfields and pastures for cattle. [11] These two roads, along with other colonial-era roads still have structures which are centuries old. Later in the night, student musical groups perform callejoneadas where they roam the streets playing music as a traveling party. Virgin Mary fenced altar.jpg 960 × 1,280; 243 KB. [11] In the 17th century, the Spanish built the monastery of Churubusco over a ceremonial site dedicated to the god Huitzilopochtli. The ranking is based on income levels, health and education. [62] The area's popularity, both as a place to live and as a place to visit on weekends, along with its narrow winding streets has caused it to have some of the worst traffic problems in the city, with traffic jams and parking problems. Today, the church site has a modern structure on it, built by architect Enrique de la Mora. [6], Centro Nacional de las Artes (National Arts Center) is located on Avenida Rio Churubusco just east of Calazada de Tlalpan. It was painted by Aurora Reyes Flores with a mural depicting pre-Hispanic Coyoacán and includes depictions of the landscape of the area including the Xitle volcano, the Tepaneca god Xocotlhuetzin as well as the Mesoamerican deity Quetzalcoatl. [27] A film called “The Matador, with Pierce Brosnan and Greg Kinnear was filmed partly on the Plaza Santa Catarina.[41]. This historic center has the most with fifty buildings on 86 blocks over 1.64km2. However, there are only nine hotels rated with three stars or above. [39] While there are 70.7 km of primary roads through the borough, with 8,200,947m2 of pavement,[31] many sections have maintained the narrow winding streets and plazas from its colonial past. Estadio Azteca, located in the Santa Ursula area, is the home of the Club América and Mexican national soccer teams. [40] These sections bring in a large number of visitors, especially on weekends and holidays, with these roads unable to cope with the volume of traffic and need for parking. The eagle design is one adopted by Mexico after the French Intervention. Sometime after that, it was replaced by modern busses. [35] In the past, this park was also home to the first Escuela Nacional de Tauromaquia (National School of Bullfighting). [19] One of the most important of these structures is the Casa de Ordaz, located on Calle Francisco Sosa on the corner with the Plaza de Centenario.) It has an inner courtyard with a tile decorated fountain and a private altar. Tlalpan | Cortés blieb während des Wiederaufbaus von Mexiko-Stadt bis 1523 in Coyohuacan, das zu jener Zeit etwa 7.000 Einwohner zählte. It is built over volcanic rock, oriented north-south and is surrounded by desert vegetation. [38][40] In the 1930s, Attending mass on Sundays was a must although attendance was segregated by social class and age. [34] Parks and other green spaces cover 4,318,783.56m2 and can be found in most of the communities of the borough.
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