Those dependencies were reorganized as the Netherlands Antilles in 1954 and granted autonomy in internal affairs. Both courts handle civil and criminal cases. The head of state is the Dutch monarch, represented by a governor, and the head of government is the prime minister. In spite of having scant rainfall or little fertile soil, the island developed a major sugarcane-plantation economy under Dutch colonial rule. La estación de lluvias comienza en octubre y termina en diciembre. It was first visited by Europeans in 1499 and was settled by the Spanish and, later, by the Dutch, who established it as a major centre of trade for the Dutch West India Company. A Council of Ministers, presided over by the prime minister, forms government policy. The island provided one special advantage for the Dutch—one of the finest natural harbours in the West Indies. UNIVERSIDADES ISLA DE CURAZAO ORGANIZACION POLITICA Poder Ejecutivo Poder Legislativo Curazao Economía Narcotráfico Turismo Comercio MONEDA La moneda local es el florín holandés de las antillas abreviado “Nafl.” O “Ang”. Start planning your trip today, and Feel It For Yourself. The Spanish deported the entire indigenous population as slaves to Hispaniola in 1515. It is situated some 37 miles (60 km) north of the coast of Venezuela. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. We promote a sound financial system by operating in an innovative, efficient, effective and reliable manner. Curaçao has a unicameral Parliament (Staten), with 21 members elected on the basis of proportional representation for a term of no more than five years. Está fijado al dólar US$ a un cambio estable de US$1 = The currency is the Netherlands Antillean guilder or florin. A minister plenipotentiary from Curaçao resides in the Netherlands and represents the country there at meetings of the Netherlands Council of Ministers. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. The Supreme Court of the Netherlands is the court of final appeal. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The capital is Willemstad. At the southeastern end of the island, a channel, Sint Anna Bay, passes through reefs to a large, deep, virtually enclosed bay called Schottegat, the site of the capital town, Willemstad. The economy of Curaçao depends heavily on petroleum refining, using crude oil imported from Venezuela. The expanding tourist sector is key to the island’s economy. En la isla de Curazao, el clima es soleado y seco durante casi todo el año. Omissions? The island was subjected to frequent invasions from competing privateers and suffered during the wars between the English and Dutch. It now produces oranges, the dried peel of which is the base for the famous Curaçao liqueur that is distilled there. Your IP: 22.214.171.124 This article was most recently revised and updated by, Curaçao - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Noticias de Curazao en Español Visita www.NoticiasCurazao.com Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fa1f3b9c86f04d4 Is Portugese the official language of Brazil? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Is Spanish the official language of Andorra? Corrections? Curaçao is the home of the oldest continuously inhabited Jewish community in the Western Hemisphere, originally formed by Sephardic Jews who emigrated from Portugal in the 1500s. In 1845 Curaçao was one of the six Dutch dependencies in the West Indies that were brought under collective administration. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It has remained continuously in Dutch hands since 1816. Here in Curacao, you're free to explore every inch of our Caribbean paradise. During the period 1660 to 1700, the Dutch West India Company flourished; the slave trade boomed, and the port of Curaçao was opened to all countries both to receive the incoming food supplies and to dispose of products from the plantations of South America. On October 10, 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten became—like Aruba, which had separated from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986—countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. The judiciary consists of a Court of First Instance and a Common Court of Justice of Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. Curaçao is independent in internal affairs, but the government of the Netherlands is responsible for defense, foreign relations, and similar matters. All fresh water used on the island is distilled from seawater. Curaçao developed large modern dry-docking and bunkering facilities and became one of the largest ports in the world in terms of total tonnage handled. Curaçao was settled by Arawak people from the South American mainland. Sort fact from fiction, and test your fluency in this quiz of official languages. The harbour can accommodate large tankers, and the island is located at the junction of trade routes that pass through the Panama Canal. Llueve generalmente durante la noche. In 2006 the people of Curaçao, along with those of the other islands and the Dutch government, agreed to dissolve the Netherlands Antilles. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The Dutch found oil in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela, but, because the lake was too shallow for oceangoing ships, the oil was transported in smaller vessels to Curaçao for refining and transshipment. Black Friday Sale! Although physiographically part of the South American continental shelf, Curaçao and neighbouring islands off the northern coast of South America are usually considered to constitute the southwestern arc of the Lesser Antilles. Updates? Aloes, which had originally been imported from Africa, do not require irrigation and are still exported for pharmaceutical uses. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Curaçao was settled by Arawak people from the South American mainland. Voting is open to all residents of Curaçao with Dutch nationality who are at least 18 years old. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The decline of phosphate mining and automation in the oil industry aggravated problems of unemployment. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Curaçao, island in the Caribbean Sea and a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In addition, Willemstad is an important Caribbean banking centre. In spite of the government’s attempts to diversify the economy by encouraging light industry, there are only a few manufacturing firms, and all consumer goods and food must be imported. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Spanish deported the entire indigenous population as slaves to Hispaniola in 1515. • Colourful houses of Punda, Willemstad, Curaçao. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The need for salt to preserve herring initially drove the Dutch to the Caribbean. • It was first visited by Europeans in 1499 and was settled by the Spanish and, later, by the Dutch, who established it as a major centre of trade for the Dutch West India Company. Las temperaturas se mantienen constantes todo el año (28ºC), gracias a los vientos alisios que refrescan el clima permanentemente.