"The great day of the LORD is near—near and coming quickly. How are you adding to when this day will come? We have to discern each paragraph & each verse, whether it is a historical event or an eschatological event. There is no doubting his authority, and it is helpful to think over this authority in practical terms. Judah, inhabited by God's people, was the subject of the book, but the warnings extended to the Philistines, Moab, Ammon, Cush, and Assyria. The whole world will be consumed by the fire of my jealous anger." For the day of the Lord is at hand... (Zephaniah 1:7 RSV) There is a great deal of difference between the day of the Lord and the Lord's day. Sin ran rampant in ancient Judah and the nations around it. He delivered the same threat as other prophets, a promise carried over into the New Testament as well: The day of the Lord is coming. 2), and purifies the true remnant (Zeph. April 26, 2017 The phrase “day of the Lord” in Zephaniah 1:7usually refers in the scriptures to the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. We experience a broken world in our own lives with our relationships, at home or at work or at school. Zephaniah warned his readers they were on the brink of punishment. The message of Zephaniah concerns the coming of the “day of the Lord“. Are you guilty of that? 2:3). they are worthless like waste and trash. After punishment would come restoration. It is not hard to see a modern equivalent of each of these 4 groups. Then it will come about on the day of the LORD'S sacrifice That I will punish the princes, the king's sons And … Zephaniah addressed the Jews in Judah and all later Bible readers. In the second attack (598 BC), the prophet Ezekiel was captured. So, the day of the Lord in ‘Zephaniah’ indicates ‘the fall of Jerusalem & Babylonian exile’ in 586 BC ‘AND’ the day of the Lord’ in the last time of human history. This is not just a cuddly God. God, being righteous, has to judge sin. Zephaniah both anticipated Judah’s impending disaster and foresaw the final destruction of all the wicked (see Ellis T. Rasmussen, An Introduction to the Old Testament and Its Teachings, 2:273). Most people in ancient Israel believed that on this day the Lord would save and exalt Israel while the enemy nations would be destroyed forever. As I understand the book, there are two dominant themes in Zephaniah: judgment and deliverance. Gen 22:8 tells us that God will provide for himself the lamb for a burnt offering. It sounds like people are going to suffer, there is going to fear, panic. The Day of the LORD … 13 Their wealth will be plundered and their houses laid waste. Zeph 1:10-11 speaks of crying and wailing from different places -- a cry from the Fish Gate (a northern gate in Jerusalem), a wail from the Second Quarter (newer city section north of the temple) and wailing from the inhabitants of Mortar (a hollow or valley in Jerusalem). They will build houses but not inhabit them, and plant vineyards but never drink their wine. I will give you honor and praise among all the peoples of the earth when I restore your fortunes before your very eyes," says the LORD. From both these sets of verses, we see that the mood of the day is obviously not a good one, it is a scary one where they will be crying and wailing. Updated April 28, 2019 The day of the Lord is coming, says the book of Zephaniah, because God's patience has a limit when it comes to sin. It is not found in Daniel. Sin is clearly in our world today. 3:8-20). Which parts of your life is God exercising authority over? For Bible prophets (special messengers), the day of the Lord is a certain period of time when God begins to save and to judge . For the glory of God, we exist to be a Loving Community Making Disciples of Jesus Christ Who is He? There will be no stopping this war, once the trumpet (which usually signals the start of festivals, seasons, or wars) sounds. The book begins by describing Yahweh's judgement. His theme is the day of the Lord, which destroys the false remnant of Baal (Zeph. Do you live a life as if God doesn't exist, leading a different life from Monday to Saturday, only to become a Christian on Sunday at church? Why? At the time Zephaniah wrote, King Josiah had started reforms in Judah but had not brought the entire country back to religious obedience. his holiness) but no matter what, He is clearly "Lord", master and one with authority over all the earth. Remember, the Day of the LORD is not a party, but a war. The thought of my works being exposed by God should make us nervous. He is the author of "Hope for Hurting Singles: A Christian Guide to Overcoming Life's Challenges. Hence, the day of the LORD is really a day of judgment. They have no deliverance from their earthly treasures and all the earth shall be consumed by the  jealousy of this God (c.f. Being silent before Him, the divine creator, who makes covenant (who is personal), and unlike any other, is no surprise. (Zephaniah 1:14, NIV). The first group refers to civil leadership of the people and they  could be our governments, and leaders. Some say the day of the Lord describes God's ongoing judgment across hundreds or even thousands of years. (NIV), Jack Zavada is a writer who covers the Bible, theology, and other Christianity topics. Their assets which give rise to their complacency will be thoroughly destroyed and they will be futile in their work without any rewards for it. What are you doing differently everyday because you are a Christian? He also brought a message of hope, when the nation would be restored. Every evil thought, every time we sought to make our name excel over God’s etc will be found out. God is at work on this day, and this is a day of war. It is called "day of the Lord" in the New Testament (2 Thessalonians 2:1) but the expression must not be mixed up with the "first day of the week", which is called "the Lord's day" (the day belonging to the Lord) in Revelation 1:10. The next group refers to people who disregard God in their daily lives. He suffered God’s wrath, distress, anguish, ruin, devastation on our behalf that none of that will be upon us when God finds us as we read in 2 Peter. The brokenness of this world can also be felt in our churches. This is the God we should be silent before! This is God providing for himself the sacrifice on the day of the LORD. Can anyone tell that you worship God, the LORD today?Are you complacent, thinking that you don’t need anything else? During the first invasion (606 BC), the prophet Daniel was carried into exile. Men exploited the poor and helpless. waiting according to God’s promise for new heavens and new earth in which righteousness dwells. In fact, why is it that the day of the Lord is described with so much hope and eagerness in 2 Peter? One day the Lord's faithful ones will experience an everlasting world of righteousness, peace, prosperity, and joy prepared by God for all who love him. He describes the day of the Lord as coming like a thief, meaning that it will sudden and unexpected (c.f. Zephaniah has been called “the orator” because of the oratorical style evident throughout the prophecy. It is the beginning of the future establishment of God’s rule, which will last forever. I have decided to assemble the nations, to gather the kingdoms and to pour out my wrath on them—all my fierce anger. Most people in Israel during Bible times believed that on this day the Lord would save and honor Israel while the enemy nations The day of the Lord – What is it? What does this mean for us today, and how does this change the way we live now? By using Learn Religions, you accept our, Major and Minor Prophetic Books of the Bible, Introduction to the Book of Zechariah: The Messiah Is Coming, The Book of Revelation, a Prophecy of Warning and Hope, Scripture Readings for the Third Week of Advent, Scripture Readings for the Second Week of Advent, Book of Daniel From the King James Version of the Bible, M.A., English Composition, Illinois State University, B.S., English Literature, Illinois State University. It will not be fun. They live as if God does  not exist and doesn’t do anything. (This sounds current to Zephaniah: Baal in Jerusalem. The book of Zephaniah was written from ​640-609 BC, during the reign of King Josiah who brought spiritual renewal and reform to Judah after the long and devastating reign of King Manasseh. It does not simply refer to an event in ancient history, or just to an event in the distant future. Being silent also could mean to listen to the person that we are before. 14 The great Day of the LORD is near— near and coming quickly. The next point of importance to Zephaniah’s message is that the central theme is “The Day of the Lord.” Some of Zephaniah’s words would render themselves fulfilled in a few short years. The day of the Lord comes upon Israel, and they are conquered and taken captive into exile. This is what will happen on the day of the Lord. Bible scholars debate the meaning of this term. This is a God before whom we are called to be silent. Do you see yourself as a sinner? When Christ died on the cross, we say that it is for our sin because he was a sacrifice. The prophet foresaw the devastating consequences of God’s judgment on corruption and wickedness but also announced the Lord’s gracious plan to … Are you quick to violence and deceit, or even having violent thoughts? Day of the Lord. Recall that in Matthew 24 Jesus simultaneously discussed the destruction of Jerusalem and the Second Coming, so discussing the end of days and current catastrophes together is not unique to this passage.) Then the cry of the mighty will be bitter. In the first part of his three-chapter book, Zephaniah issued charges and threats. It is because the traders (Canaanites) are no more. But is this all there is to the day of the Lord? The day of the Lord is mentioned in the Bible over twenty times, and refers to a day at some future but unknown time, when the people of the earth will meet God's judgment. What does this mean for us today, and … How does this change the way you live today, because of this day? The day of the Lord tradition also appears in Isaiah, Ezekiel, Obadiah, Joel, and Malachi. Zephaniah was God’s method in bringing a stern warning of the day of the Lord “Near is the great day of the Lord...a day of wrath is that day” (1:14-15). - The OT describes the day of Jehovah mostly under the aspect of judgment (compare with paragraph 3. For example, the Babylonians took over the Assyrians as the world power later on. Zephaniah is the pre-eminent prophet on the subject of “The Day of the Lord.” When that subject comes up, most believers don’t know how to react to it. This is quite different from the doom and dread of Zephaniah. Makes covenant and promises his people -- Gen 8-9 (Covenant with Noah), Gen 12 (Covenant with Abraham), Ex 19-24, Is holy, set apart, separate, and unlike any other thing/person/us (Lev 11:44). This passage in Zephaniah talks about the "day of the Lord", which is a day of the LORD’s judgment on sin. For the day of the LORD is near, For the LORD has prepared a sacrifice, He has consecrated His guests. The day of the Lord is coming, says the book of Zephaniah, because God's patience has a limit when it comes to sin. Zephaniah has some literary affinities with Isaiah, but more with Jeremiah and Joel. "The Day of the Lord" is a biblical term and theme used in both the Hebrew Bible (יֹום יְהוָה) and the New Testament (ἡμέρα κυρίου), as in "The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the L ORD come" (Joel 2:31, cited in Acts 2:20). Leaders are called to a higher level of accountability in many cases and with God’s people, the teachers of His Word are in this position (James 3:1). 1:15That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, Verses 14-16 describe the Day of the Lord in great detail. We are told that the Lord will search with lamps for the complacent men, who are also described as those who regard God as useless, as nothing, as powerless, not present, etc. This is because they have sinned against the Lord, and Rom 3:23 clearly lays out the consequences of that. (2:1-3:8). It is a day of wrath, distress, anguish, ruin, devastation, darkness, gloom, clouds, thick darkness, with a trumpet blast and battle cry. (1:1-3), The day of the Lord will strike Judah and its neighbors. What sort of posture do you approach this God with? Deceit and fraud can happen in many ways, such as backstabbing at work and school. Can you imagine that, hearing wailing? on the day of the Lord’s anger.” (Zephaniah 2:3) But there is yet one more dimension to the Day of the Lord. Do you make decisions with God in mind? That is, it is a day which begins at midnight or in the darkness, advancing to dawn and then daylight. Their blood like dust, and flesh like dung (Zeph 1:17b), i.e. Read Zephaniah … The theme of the book is the Day of the Lord. In 1 Thessalonians 5 the Day of the Lord is used in the sense of an extended period of time, but having the characteristics of a twenty-four hour day. This passage in Zephaniah talks about the "day of the Lord", which is a day of the LORD’s judgment on sin. Political and religious leaders fell into corruption. More consistently than any other prophetic book, Zephaniah focuses on "the day of the Lord," developing this tradition from its first appearance in Amos. Does this sound like the end of days or a problem in Zephaniah's day? It will be an awful day, for it will be characterized by wrath. These series of questions should encourage us to think about this, because this is a relatable group to us today. Instead he calls us to wait faithfully for the new heavens and new earth, where our blood bought righteousness will enable us to dwell there. How would you describe this God? This day is coming, and since it is called the day of the LORD, it is His day, and it is all about Him. This is the LORD who (among other things): Created the heavens and earth, every living creature, the plants, and importantly mankind (Gen2:4). The faithless bowed down to idols and foreign gods. Zephaniah called the people out on their disobedience in an eerie foreshadowing of society today. Zephaniah 3:8"Therefore wait for me,” declares the LORD, "for the day I will stand up to testify. The purpose of Zephaniah’s prophecy is to set forth what the day of the Lord will mean to ungodly Judah, to the world powers (Zephaniah 1:2-3:7), and to the godly remnant (Zeph. The verses also outline 4 groups of people that the Lord will punish. In the Old Testament the expression "day of the Lord" occurs eighteen times in prophetic literature, most often in the books of Joel and Zephaniah. It is important to know that prophecies can be fulfilled in different ways according to different time horizons. The Lord holds out a promise of shelter for those who seek him (Zeph. This is because the Old Testament passages referring to the day of the Lord often speak of both a near and a far fulfillment, as does much of Old Testament prophecy. What promise is this? Zephaniah’s message is the “day of . New King James Version The Great Day of the Lord 1 The word of the Lord which came to Zephaniah the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hezekiah, in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah. This is fulfilled when God judges Judah via Babylon despite seeing Israel taken into exile they did not turn back to the LORD. For the day of the Lord is near” (Zephaniah 1:7). What does the New Testament say about the day of the Lord? Later in chapter 2, we will read about the judgment of the other nations (2:4:15), and hence, we have a short-term fulfillment of the prophecy from Zephaniah, where different nations are conquered. There is an element of surprise to it. We need to respond by: living lives of holiness (set apart), and godliness (concerned with the things of God, things that are everlasting). When you want to imagine what Christ went through on the cross, care to read Zephaniah 1. The destruction on mankind and all the earth is also given. This applies to God’s people in the church today. Zeph 1:5). Most importantly, our sin will be exposed, and God being righteous will punish us for it. The prophet introduces himself and foretells total judgment. When you think of who God is, and how powerful and big He is, and that every part of evil that is in me will be found, it is a scary thought. (1:4-18), God warns Judah and the nations individually. But what is different in this description in 2 Peter is that on this Day, works that are done on it will be exposed (“will be found”, “found by God”). Zephaniah, son of Cushi, is the author of the book of Zephaniah. They not only suffered under wicked kings they also would suffer under the holy judgment of God. Zephaniah 1:7 - 18. It is a war actually, which we will see in the latter verses. Many ignored the warnings. Will He find you faithful and loving Him when He returns, or will He find you loving something else. If you knew what tomorrow holds today, how would you live differently? his loving nature) and unlike us (e.g. Zeph 1:7 is a strange verse that speaks of guests and the sacrifice of the Lord. It gives more genealogy of him. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-minor-prophets/zephaniah (c.f. What exactly is going on? Most of us would describe Him as powerful and sovereign, one with authority. Seek righteousness, seek humility; perhaps you will be sheltered on the day of the LORD’s anger." Distress will descend on mankind and they shall walk like the blind, where their blindness is a description of their physical and spiritual state. It will close again with another period of darkness after daylight has passed. He is both like us (e.g. The Day of the Lord is also today. One after another, Israel is ruled by oppressive empires from this point forward, including the oppressive empire of Rome that Jesus was born into. The second part, similar to the book of Nahum, promised restoration to those who repented. The third assault (598 BC) saw King Nebuchadnezzar capture Zedekiah and destroy Jerusalem and the temple. Zeph 1:14 – The great day of the Lord is near; It is near and hastens quickly. In 2 Peter 3:10-13, Peter also speaks of the day of the Lord. 1), destroys the God-rejecting nations (Zeph. "The word of the Lord" - I'm in verse 1 of Zephaniah - "the word of the Lord which came to Zephaniah The Son of cushi, the son of gedaliah, The Son of amariah, The Son of hezekiah," - I'll tell you one thing right there, he has the longest genealogy of any Bible prophet. This is similar to the atmosphere described in other appearances of God (C.f. On that day, money will be useless to deliver the unrepentant because “Their silver and gold are not able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the Lord” (Ezk 7:19b). waiting and hastening the coming of the day of God. Listen, the Day of the LORD! Zep 1:18). A similar expression that stands close to it is "on that day, " which occurs 208 times in the Old Testament; half the occurrences are in … It describes one who does not worship God! We are silent before important people like the PM, royalty, or someone wise. Zephaniah 3:17, "The LORD your God is with you, he is mighty to save. Christians are told to share the gospel and this is one way you are participating in it, and hastening His return. The second group could refer to people who indulge in idolatry, violence and fraud. Does this seem surprising to you? The day of the Lord is more than the end of the world. It is a day that will come and Zephaniah helps us to appreciate its purpose and power. The prophet foresaw the devastating consequences of God’s judgment on corruption and wickedness but also announced the Lord’s gracious plan to restore Judah. Zephaniah 2:3, "Seek the LORD, all you humble of the land, you who do what he commands. (21-4) Zephaniah 1:10–18. These are people in Judah, we know and call upon the covenantal name of God. God's mercy on Israel was a common theme among the prophets. The Day of the LORD (Zephaniah 1:7-18) If you knew what tomorrow holds today, how would you live differently? Yet as Zephaniah and other prophets foretold, the exile in Babylon did not last long. Listen! 15 That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, 16 A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers. The passage in Zephaniah refers to those who are dressed in foreign attire probably those involved with foreign gods, cultures, and this is not entirely clear). It speaks of honor, reverence, and acknowledging authority and even contains an element of fear. Zephaniah 1:7 : Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord GOD: for the day of the LORD is at hand: for the LORD hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests. Zeph 1:7 begins with a command to "be silent before the Lord God". Zeph 1:14-16 goes on to describe the Day of the Lord as a "great day", filled with bitter sounds. Ex 20:3). People trusted in wealth instead of God. For biblical prophets, the day of the Lord refers to a specific period of time in which God intervenes in human affairs in order both to save and to judge. But what does this passage mean for us today? Peter also goes on to tell us the response that we should have to the day of the Lord (c.f. Be silent before the Lord GOD! It could easily refer to those who mixed their religions and allegiance (c.f. It speaks clearly of His authority. The cry on the day of the LORD will be bitter, the shouting of the warrior there." Not to say that God does not already know Christ will return (Mark 13:32), but when we are living out the lives that God is calling us to by spreading His gospel, we are hastening and building his kingdom, which will culminate in the return of Christ. Zephaniah makes it clear that God’s judgment is not only punitive but corrective. How do you approach and read His word? However, both sides agree the fury of God's wrath is caused by sin. The mighty man (warrior) cries, akin to God lifting his battle cry (Isa 42:13, Zep 3:17). ", Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Do you see the LORD for who He is? Let us briefly consider both of these themes.The “day of the Lord” is a very prominent theme in Zephaniah’s prophecy. As we study his prophecy we will come to see that this day was and is a day of judgment against sin. The reason for this call to silence is because the day of the LORD is near (“for”). He is also one who is loving and merciful. Not only Judah, but pagan nations would suffer God's punishment. And just as Zeph 1:17-18, we know that we belong to sinful mankind and we will be punished too. If you are, you will be stuck on this day of the Lord because you will be punished on this day! It is a day of wrath (anger), distress (anxiety), anguish (agony), ruin and devastation (destruction), gloom (sadness, depression), and a day of war against even the safest cities, even the best defenses. Others say it will culminate in an abrupt, sudden event, such as the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. We usually end up being silent before people we respect, or in the presence of someone who is greater than us. Sunday is the Lord's day, the day of resurrection, but the day of the Lord is something different and we should never confuse these terms. 2 Peter 3: 11-13). Within a decade or two, the Babylonians swept into Judah. This is partly due to how we avoid the subject of the “Day of the Lord” directly. In fact, it goes on to tell us that on this day, it is the Lord who is the one doing things, and not anyone else. Christians are all waiting for Christ’s return, and in fact they are hurrying it. by Bibianna Yeo. Ex 19:16-19). He was a descendant of King Hezekiah, implying he came from a line of royalty. How can you live before this God? God used foreign conquerors to punish his people. Heavens will also pass away with a roar, and the heavenly bodies (stars), will be destroyed. Read Zephaniah 1:4-5. He is the one on whom everything you have read in Zephaniah was poured out on. Both he and Joel paint very dark pictures of the Day of the Lord, but in both books beautiful rays … Despite the fact that Zephaniah warns Judah of impending doom, the prophecy is dual, and the major fulfillment of his prophecy is yet future. The day of the Lord is coming, a time of reckoning. The prophet also tells us specifically who the people are to be silent before -- "the Lord God" (Zeph 1:7b). Zephaniah is part of this potentially discouraging religious scene and delivers a fiery, passionate warning about the coming “Day of the Lord.” Does Zephaniah give us any clue about the timing of the “Day of the Lord?” Note these clues: It is described as being “very near” (1:7, 14). the L. ord ” (Zephaniah 1:7) . The Day of the Lord is a day of judgment, but for the Christian, it is also a day of hope. Zephaniah 1:8 : And it shall come to pass in the day of the LORD's sacrifice, that I will punish the princes, and the king's children, and all such as are clothed with strange apparel. Zep 1:18). We read of a broken world on the news, constantly filled with reports of war, crimes and injustices. All our works will be found by God, and there is judgment for them. This last group speaks of mankind, and distress will be on all of us on this day! Faith Bible Church is a faith-based church in Spokane, WA. The punishment is listed for the latter 2 groups. (NIV), Zephaniah 3:20"At that time I will gather you; at that time I will bring you home. The Jewish people eventually came home, rebuilt the temple, and enjoyed some measure of prosperity, fulfilling the second part of the prophecy. 3:8-20). Officials, kings’ sons, and all who array themselves in foreign attire (Zeph 1:8), Everyone who leaps over the threshold, and those who fill their master’s house with violence and fraud (Zeph 1:9), Mankind (Zeph 1:17) and all the earth (Zeph 1:18). And to pour out my wrath on them—all my fierce anger. `` Lord '' master... Different ways according to God ’ s rule, which we will come to see a modern equivalent of of! To gather the kingdoms and to pour out my wrath on them—all fierce. Should encourage us to think over this authority in practical terms that is, it is hard. To assemble the nations individually doubting his authority, and distress will be characterized by.! And doesn ’ t do anything the traders ( Canaanites ) are no more say! 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what is the day of the lord in zephaniah

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