They had a fixed loading angle of 6° and their rate of fire varied with the time required to relay the gun. Home Military units and formations Wikipedia categories named after military units and formations Soviet Navy Ships of the Soviet Navy Poti-class corvette. "Project 69: The Kronshtadt Class Battlecruisers". [16], The ships had relatively light armor. Stalin's decision that the Project 69 ships would use three shafts increased the shaft loading and reduced propulsive efficiency, although it did shorten the length of the armored citadel and thus overall displacement. Although the ships are no longer capable of venturing into open ocean, these units remain on the People's Liberation Army Navy’s list of its reserve fleet, actively used as weaponry training boats for naval militia in various military maritime districts in China. The dual-purpose guns were controlled by two, later three, stabilized directors, each with a 3-meter (9 ft 10 in) rangefinder. He then asked if twin 380-millimeter (15.0 in) turrets could be used instead. Twelve 7u-bis water-tube boilers worked at a pressure of 37 kg/cm2 (3,628 kPa; 526 psi) and temperature of 380 °C (716 °F). Traditional Soviet secrecy about technical naval matters had Her building slip was too short for her entire length so her stern was built separately. [13] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 13 degrees per second and traverse at 6 degrees per second. Battleship Gangut-class battleship … Until 1989 not even a tentative general arrangement drawing had been published; more was known even about the Sovetskii Soiuz (Project 23) class battleships. The underwater protection was an American-style design with a bulge and four longitudinal bulkheads intended to withstand a 500-kilogram (1,102 lb) warhead of TNT. The Shipbuilding Commissariat reported on 17 April that it was possible so the agreement was finalized in November 1940 with the deliveries scheduled from October 1941 to 28 March 1943. Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-190: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-191: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 24 April Soviet Union: Zelenodolsk Gorky Plant: Zelenedolsk: BO-193: Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser 11 May These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. The forward transverse 330-millimeter (13.0 in) bulkhead was 330 mm thick while the rear bulkhead was 275 millimeters (10.8 in) thick. ... Kronshtadt, Tier IX Soviet Cruiser ” … They fired 15.6-kilogram (34 lb) high explosive shells at a muzzle velocity of 895 m/s (2,940 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 22,241 meters (24,323 yd) against surface targets, but their maximum range against aerial targets was 9,895 meters (32,464 ft), the limit of their time fuse. [9], Maximum speed was estimated at 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph), using the revised propeller design, although forcing the machinery would yield an extra knot. Most of the Soviet sub-chasers were decommissioned between 1958 and 1970, although some were in service until the 1990s as training stations. The ships were partially redesigned to accommodate them, after construction had already begun, but no turrets were actually delivered before Operation Barbarossa. Iu. ... 219 vessels of various classes, 71 aircraft and 126 pieces of combat vehicles. So the barbette of turret number two had to be raised to clear turret number one and the height of the conning tower had to be raised to clear turret number two. The gun fired 470-kilogram (1,040 lb) armor-piercing projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 47,580 meters (52,030 yd). Introduce Sources from Russia said that the Orion drone is a product of the Kronshtadt Group, in order to meet the Russian Army’s request for a type of unmanned combat aerial vehicle. Proposed Soviet Battleships/Battlecruisers The Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships (Project 23), also known as "Stalin's Republics", were a class of battleships begun by the Soviet Union in the late 1930s but never brought into service. [11] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 10 degrees per second and traverse at 5.1 degrees per second. The Kronshtadt class battlecruisers would have displaced some 42000 tons, and probably would have carried either 9 12” guns in three triple turrets of six 15” guns in three twin turrets. This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. They wanted a ship not to exceed 23,000 metric tons with a speed of 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph) and an armament of nine 254 mm guns, but the requirement proved to be too ambitious for the specified size and it increased to 26,200 metric tons (25,786 long tons) in the design submitted in June 1938. 1/1800th scale Kronshtadt-class submarine chaser. Photo via German Federal Archives. [8], The Kronshtadt-class ships were provided with two KOR-2 flying boats which would be launched by the catapult mounted between the funnels. 428-GX-K-112540 (26528904530).jpg 2,093 × 1,398; 680 KB. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, to which the Soviets were not a signatory. An attempt to import 14,000 long tons (14,225 t) of steel and armor plate from the United States in 1939 failed, probably as a result of the Soviet invasion of Poland on 17 September 1939. Thirteen of the decommissioned and disarmed ships were delivered to the DOSAAF Voluntary Society for use as training ships. The Kronshtadt Class Battlecruiser was the lighter Soviet counterpart to the Sovetskaya Rossiya-class battleship. [15], Light AA defense was handled by six quadruple, water-cooled, 46-K mounts fitted with 37 mm (1.5 in) 70-K guns. The Project 25 design was accepted in mid-1937 after major revisions in the armor scheme and the machinery layout and four were ordered with construction to begin in late 1937 and early 1938. Only Kronshtadt's hull survived the war reasonably intact and was about 10% complete in 1945. However, with the Kronshtadt, the B-38 guns were prepared in time for use on … It ranged from 2.36 to 3.24 rounds per minute depending on the elevation. Similarly the 37-millimeter (1.5 in) anti-aircraft guns behind turret number three had to raised as well. It was deemed superior to the Kongos at medium range and inferior to the Dunkerques at the same range, but generally superior to the Scharnhorsts, although it is doubtful that the Soviets were fully aware of the true specifications of the Kongōs as rebuilt or of the Scharnhorsts as the displacement of the latter had been given as 26,000 metric tons (25,589 long tons), more than 5,000 metric tons (4,921 long tons) short of their true displacement. [22], Sevastopol (Russian: Севастополь) was built by Shipyard No. This model includes 7 ships on a sprue. The second boiler room contained four boilers and was followed by a turbine room for the central shaft. 380–86. It was 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) high of which 1.6 meters (5 ft 3 in) was intended to be submerged as originally designed. Initially seven mounts were planned, but the one above the conning tower was exchanged for a director for the 100 mm guns in early 1940 when the Navy realized that the other directors were blocked by the superstructure. It asked for another design, displacing 23,000 metric tons (22,637 long tons) and armed with 254-millimeter (10.0 in) guns, in early 1936, eventually designated Project 22, but this design was cancelled after the Soviets began negotiations in mid-1936 with the British that ultimately resulted in the Anglo-Soviet Quantitative Naval Agreement of 1937 and agreed to follow the terms of the Second London Naval Treaty which limited battleships to a displacement of 35,000 long tons (35,562 t). Prototypes of neither had been completed by the time the Germans invaded. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Kharkhovskii Turbogenerator Works never completed a single turbine before the German invasion in June 1941. The situation was not much better for the smaller guns as mountings for both the 152 mm and 100 mm guns were still incomplete on 22 June 1941 and all of these programs were terminated quickly afterwards. This meant that a lot of horsepower was necessary to achieve even modest speeds. Main features of USSR Destroyers: 1. By this time, however, details were becoming available for the Scharnhorst-class battleships and the ship was deemed inferior to the German ships. The Germans said that they would have to check back for the technical details. 1 Cruisers of the Russian Imperial Navy (1873–1917) 1.1 Note on official classification 1.2 Armoured cruiser 1.3 Protected cruiser 1.4 Yacht cruisers 1.5 Torpedo cruisers 1.6 Battlecruisers 1.7 Non-protected & auxiliary cruisers 2 Cruisers of the Soviet and modern Russian Navy 2.1 Light Cruisers (KRL4) 2.2 Heavy cruisers (TKR) 2.3 Guided Missile Cruisers (RKR) 2.4 Heavy Nuclear Guided Missile Cruisers … Additionally, vessels of this class in Chinese service are used to take Chinese children enrolled in military / naval summer camps and junior military / naval academies for short cruises for patriotic education and public relations missions. The Project 25 design was then rejected on the grounds that it was too weak compared to foreign ships and the whole program was cancelled in early 1938 after an attempt to modify the design with larger guns had been made. They had a maximum range of about 30,000 meters (33,000 yd) with a 55-kilogram (121 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 950 m/s (3,100 ft/s). Санкт-Петербург, 2001. Certain elements not to scale. The belt was 185 meters (606 ft 11 in) long and covered 76.8 percent of the waterline; forward of this was a 20 mm belt that extended all the way to the bow. She carried 305 mm main guns with a very long firing range. A preliminary purchase agreement was made to buy twelve guns and six turrets later that month, well before any studies were even made to see if the substitution was even possible. The funnels had 20 mm armor for their entire height above the deck and a 50 mm box protected the smoke generators. Work on these ships ceased shortly after the German invasion. Prototypes of the armament and machinery had not even been completed by 22 June 1941, almost two years after the start of construction. The first Chinese built unit entered service in 1957 and was designated as the, Качур П. И. Большие охотники за подводными лодками проекта 122а/122бис //. They had a beam of 31.6 meters (103 ft 8 in) and at full load a draft of 9.45 meters (31 ft 0 in). Battleship 'B' was redesignated as Project 25 and given the task of destroying Treaty cruisers and German pocket battleships. This was presented to the State Defense Committee on 11 February 1941, but the design was not approved until 10 April when it ordered that the first two ships be completed with German guns while the others would continue to use the 305 mm guns. The Veer - class corvettes of the Indian Navy are a customized Indian variant of the Soviet Tarantul class They form the 22nd Killer Missile Vessel Squadron Tar. Kronshtadt — Soviet promo premium Tier IX cruiser. This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. The State Defense Committee revised the requirements and specified a size about 31,000 metric tons (30,510 long tons), an armament of nine 305-millimeter (12.0 in) guns, an armor belt 250 mm (9.8 in) thick and a speed about 31–32 knots (57–59 km/h; 36–37 mph). The tactical diameter was estimated at about 1,200 meters (1,312 yd). [16] The guns fired .732-kilogram (1.61 lb) shells at a muzzle velocity of 880 m/s (2,887 ft/s). Two boats of this class, #271 & #274 participated in the Sino-South Vietnamese naval battle in the Paracel Islands on January 19, 1974, with #274 being heavily damaged; however, #274 was able to make it back to the Chinese base at Yongxing Island for emergency repair after the battle, and returned to Hainan Islands the next day. Usov, V. MS Kronstadt cruise ship ("теплоход Кронштадт" круизный корабль) is a traditional Russian river passenger ship built for the USSR (Soviet Union) in GDR (Eastern Germany). They could elevate to a maximum of 85° and depress to -8°. The Navy's Shipbuilding Administration thought that the original secondary armament of 130-millimeter (5.1 in) guns was too small and that the armor on the turrets, conning tower and the forward transverse bulkhead was too thin. 1,500 tons (2 active, 3 building) Vasily Bykov (2018) and Dmitriy Rogachev (2019) Novorossiysk, Black Sea Fleet Buyan and Buyan-M Class LOA 203' and 246' TDISP… This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 09:08. The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. A Project 122bis Kronshtadt-class chaser in the service of the, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of ships of Russia by project number, Complete Ship List of all Kronshtadt class submarine chasers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kronshtadt-class_submarine_chaser&oldid=999267448, Submarine chasers of the People's Liberation Army Navy, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 3 diesel engines @ 3,600 hp "General Motors" (I series) / 3,300 hp "9D" (II series) with 3 shafts, Radar: 1 "Giuys-1" or "Zarya" (I series) / "Lin`" or/and "Neptun" (II series) search radar, Sonar: 1 "Tamir-9" or "Tamir-10" or "Tamir-11" hull mounted high frequency active sonar, 6 × "Colt-Browning" or 2M-1 12.7 mm heavy machine guns (2x3) (I series), 6 × 2M-7 14.5 mm (2x3) (last ships of II series), 2 depth charge rails (30 large & 30 small depth charges), 2 × RBU (II series) or 2 x RBU-1200 (last ships of II series) rocket launchers, In addition, 6 hulls were built at Zelenodolsk in 1954, transferred in parts by railway to, Furthermore, 14 built in China with the assistance of Soviet specialists, with 12 completed at the end of 1956 and 2 in 1957. The dual-purpose mountings had 50 mm armor with 40-millimeter (1.6 in) barbettes. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. It was a smaller and less-expensive counterpart to the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers of 1939. Their effective anti-aircraft range was 4,000 meters (13,123 ft). She was laid down on 5 November 1939 and estimated as 11.6% complete on 22 June 1941. Lada class, Russian designation Project 677 Lada (Russian: Лада, meaning "Lada", NATO reporting name Lada) is the new advanced class of diesel-electric attack submarine designed by the Russian Rubin Design Bureau.A program to develop a "fourth generation" diesel-electric submarine, it aimed to produce a highly improved version of the Project 636 with better acoustic signature, new combat systems and … Height above the deck and a 125 mm roof with a 230 communications. 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soviet kronshtadt class

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